The information given is general information only and is not a substitute for veterinary advice given by a qualified veterinarian specific to an individual animal. Certified and/or licensed healthcare providers must adhere to their individual scope of practice at all times. Officer K9 Care cannot accept any responsibility for misinterpretation of the advice given and we advise K9 handlers to seek veterinary advice if first aid treatment is required. Though all information provided has been reviewed by an array of qualified veterinary, emergency medicine, and canine handlers, Officer K9 Care is not responsible or liable for any diagnosis made, actions taken by a handler or healthcare provider or injury sustained to an animal or human based on the information provided on the Officer K9 Care site.